What is Training?
Once an employee is selected, it is necessary to ensure that he is placed on the right job. But mere induction is not sufficient to extract the best out of the new employee. Some form of training is needed so that the new employee can learn the skill, knowledge, attitude and behavior needed to perform his job effectively. Thus, training is an act of developing the skill and knowledge of an employee to perform a job assigned to him.
Why is training Important?
Training is not only necessary for new entrants but it is equally important for the existing employee also. Hence, effective managers have recognized training as an endless, on going or continuous process. The training job, in fact, will never be completed as long as the organization remains in business.
In case of small concerns, training will be given by a supervisor or by someone specialized in the field, whereas in a large unit there may be either a full time training officer or training department
What are the Benefits of Training?
It is also needless to stress the need for proper training in a dynamic situation where the technologies are ever changing and new techniques are increasingly discovered. Being an endless process, proper training benefits the organization, the existing employees and the new entrants as well. The following are the important advantages of training programme for employees in an organization:
1. Better Performance: A sound training programme results in better performance of the employee both in terms of quantity and quality of output
2. Lesser Learning Period: The learning time is considerably reduced by training. The employee need not indulge in trial and error method or self training. Besides, the training cost and waste of time are also reduced to the minimum.
3. Elimination of Wastage: The quantity of spoiled work or wastage is also reduced sizably. It leads to reduction in the cost of production.
4. Uniformity of Procedure: With the help of training, the best available method of performing the work can be standardized and made available to all employees. Standardized procedures will ensure peak level of performance.
5. Elimination of Misfits: As stated already, mere selection and induction are not sufficient to procure proper personnel for the organization. It is only training that makes him suitable for the given job. Besides, promising candidates can also be brought into the light.
6. Economy in Materials Handling: Trained personnel will be able to use materials and equipment better and economically. Wastage will be low and accidents will be reduced to a minimum.
7. Less Supervision: The need for close and continuous supervision is also reduced considerably by proper training. Consequently, a few supervisors are sufficient to manage the whole show. This ultimately results in less supervision costs and lower cost of production.
8. High Morale: Training also motivates employees to work hard. Employees who understand the job are likely to have higher morale. They are able to maintain a closer relationship between their effort and performance.
9. Reduction in Labour Turnover: Scientific training reduces the labour turnover and introduces stability and flexibility of employees. If employees are given training for various jobs, short-term adjustments can be made in times of need by transferring one employee from one department to another.
10. Removes Fear of the Employees: Scientific training programmes are highly essential in dynamic companies undergoing changes. Because workers very often resist changes such as automation for fear that they will be incapable of handling the newly created jobs. Proper and adequate training programmes will remove the fears of the employees and create a sense of confidence in them.