Balancing, Timing and Integration are three important elements for functioning of Co-ordination.
Essential elements of coordination:
1. Balancing: Efforts, jobs and activities of all departments must be balanced. In other words, the entire work must be divided and assigned to each department evenly.
2. Timing: Timing involves scheduling of operations in a suitable order. Time schedules for beginning and completing the jobs must be fixed well in advance and efforts should be taken to complete them as per the schedule.
3. Integration: Integration refer to the unification of all unrelated and diverse activities in such a manner as to accomplish the job efficiently.
Benefits of Co-ordination
The smooth functioning of the enterprise depends on effective coordination. Chester I. Barnard even went to the extent of saying that
“the quality of co-ordination is the crucial factor in the survival of organization”
Thus, coordination is considered as the essence of manager-ship because of the following benefits it offer:
1. Co-ordination ensures unity of direction through arranging spontaneous collaboration on the part of different departments.
2. It promotes the efficiency of the enterprise and employees.
3. It increases employee morale and provides job satisfaction and avoids conflicts between employees.
4. It is a creative force, i.e., it creates something new out of the group which is always greater than isolated or individual efforts.
5. It develops team spirit and ensures a favorable environment for work.
6. It avoids interruptions on operations due to omission or wrong allocation of duties.
7. It eliminates inconsistencies in the objectives and policies.