Unethical Business Practices against Employees
Not only the society, but also even the employees are badly exploited by the capitalist. The popular modes of exploitation found in our country are as follows:
1. Low Salaries: Except a very few organizations, the salaries being paid to the employees tend to be very low. If this is the condition prevailing in corporate sector, it is needless to mention the pitiable state of affairs in other small private organizations. Labour being in abundance in our country, workers tend to accept low wages.
2. Poor Working Conditions: There is hardly any attention paid to the work environment. The working conditions in most of the factories tend to be unhygienic inadequate ventilation, poor lighting, and lack of welfare facilities. Besides, safety of workers is not also cared for.
In our Factories Act, there are certain provisions prescribing the standard norms and the working conditions to be provided in each factory. But these regulations are not strictly followed since the administrative machinery itself is very weak and highly corrupt.
3. Exploitation: Exploitation of the workers cannot be tolerated in any decent society. Bonded labour is not still uncommon; the workers are not being allowed to move from their work place. Moreover, they are hardly given merely two square meals and are forced to work for the whole day.
Cases have been reported not only in remote areas of India but also from capitals, and neighboring cities, in the U.P., Andhra Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan. Even though the Government has taken steps to eradicate this social evil, it still remains.
4. Signing for more wages than actually paid: Besides, employees – even educated ones – are made to sign receipts for salaries more than what actually paid to them. Teachers and college lecturers are no exception to this.
5. No Job Security: Earlier, both Central and State Governments’ employees were appointed on permanent basis. They were also remunerated fairly. However, at present, the trend is changing. Mostly, persons are taken for job in Government departments only on contract basis that too for consolidated pay. In such cases, employees have no job security and no retirement benefit. If this is the status of Government employees, we need not mention the position of employees in private organizations.