Definition of Policy
Policies are broad guidelines which direct the future course of the business.
Definition of Tactics
Tactics are micro-level actions which which contribute for the achievement of policies and organizational objectives.
Differences between Policies and Tactics
The following table presents the differences between policies and tactics.
|1. Policies are broad guidelines||1. Tactics are micro level — activities or actions. They are specific methods used to achieve the policies.|
|2. Policies are concerned with thinking||2. Tactics are concerned with a specific area of operation. They are action — oriented|
|3. Policies are concerned with the long-range planning||3. Tactics deal with immediate problem like decline in sales.|
|4. Scope of the policies is wide, broad and of long-range||4. Scope of the tactics is narrow, specific and of very short-range.|
|5. Policies are over all guide for the entire business and external environment.||5. Tactics are developed to utilise available resources in the best possible manner.|
|6. Policy implementation and delegation of authority for implementation depend upon the size of the firm.||6. Tactics are executed by the junior executives. Their responsibilities are clear and specific.|
|7. Policies are generally mission oriented.||7. Tactics are goal and target oriented|
|8. Policies give birth to strategies hence policies are primary||8. Strategies give birth to tactics. Therefore, tactics are primarily derived from policies.|
|9. Policies are drawn at estimating the future availability of different kinds of resources like financial, human and material.||9. Tactics are concerned with the mobilisation and utilisation of presently available resources.|
|10. Main role of policies is to guide and direct the future course of the business.||10. Role of Tactics is to solve the present/existing problems.|
|11. Policies are future oriented||11. Tactics are current — oriented.|
|12. Policies are stable but not rigid.||12. Tactics are formulated to suit the requirements of each problem separately.|